As the temperature rises across the globe due to climate change, extreme heat is becoming a major health threat. Numerous studies have shown that heatwaves can lead to an increase in heat-related illnesses and deaths, especially among vulnerable populations such as the elderly and those with pre-existing conditions. Heat can exacerbate cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, as well as increase the risk of dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. The rising heat can also impact mental health, contributing to anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances. To mitigate the health risks associated with extreme heat, experts recommend taking preventive measures such as staying hydrated, seeking cooler environments, and reducing outdoor activities during peak heat. Additionally, cities need to implement heat adaptation strategies, such as increasing the availability of cooling centers and implementing urban green spaces to reduce the urban heat island effect. Public health programs and policies are essential to protect vulnerable populations from the increasing health threats of extreme heat.
Extreme heat, caused by climate change, is a significant health threat globally. Heatwaves contribute to an increase in heat-related illnesses and deaths, particularly among vulnerable populations. The elderly and individuals with pre-existing conditions are most at risk. Heat worsens cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and raises the chances of dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Additionally, it affects mental health, leading to anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances. To combat these risks, people should stay hydrated, seek cooler environments, and limit exposure to outdoor activities during peak heat. Cities need to implement heat adaptation strategies, such as providing cooling centers and creating urban green spaces. Public health programs and policies are critical for safeguarding vulnerable populations from the growing health hazards of extreme heat.